Under the Microscope

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January 11, 2017

Five Viruses that Cause Cancer

Five viruses have been added to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 14th Report on Carcinogens, released in November 2016. The report identifies environmental factors, including infectious agents, known (or reasonably anticipated) to cause cancer. It’s estimated that 12 percent of human cancers worldwide are caused by viruses, which are made up of […]

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hand of a lab technician holding blood tube test and background a rack of color tubes with blood samples other patients / laboratory technician holding a blood tube test

October 10, 2016

Who Should Be Screened for the Breast Cancer Gene?

After Mary-Claire King, the woman who discovered BRCA1, recently recommended broader genetic testing for breast cancer, some women may be wondering: “Should I be screened for the breast cancer gene?” This recommendation is based on new research suggesting that all women, regardless of their risk factors, should be screened for the breast cancer gene. Previously, […]

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September 14, 2016

Lymphoma, Leukemia, Myeloma: Hope on the Horizon

Advances in diagnosing and treating blood cancers have helped double survival rates, and the future outlook may be even brighter. Blood cancers—lymphoma, leukemia and myeloma—made up almost 10 percent of all cancer cases diagnosed in 2015, or about 162,000 new cancer cases. At the same time, progress is being made on the survival front. More […]

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August 4, 2016

Fighting Fluid

Lymphedema is a disorder marked by swelling when fluid accumulates underneath the skin. This condition occurs when lymph nodes are damaged or experience trauma, which prevents the lymphatic system from functioning properly. The result is blockages that impair fluid circulation and drainage.1 Predicting who will and won’t develop the disorder can be tricky. Cancer that […]

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Normal healthy lung (right) and lung with metastatic lymphoma (left) with sheets of cancer cells filling up alveoli and bronchioles.; Shutterstock ID 99372692; Project_Code: THR159001; Project_Name: CFT Summer 2016; Client: CTCA

May 23, 2016

Blood Work

On the surface, Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma have similar clinical symptoms—swollen lymph nodes, bumps under the skin, night sweats, fatigue and weight loss—but how each manifests itself in the body differs significantly. A closer, cellular look helps doctors target treatment. Lymphoma is an umbrella term used to describe a blood cancer affecting the lymphocytes, the […]

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Thyroid cancer, light micrograph

February 19, 2016

Without Warning

Thyroid cancer doesn’t typically announce itself with significant warning signs. And when patients do have symptoms, such as trouble swallowing or changes to their voices, the issues can mimic—and are sometimes attributed to—allergies or acid reflux. “Very few patients have a neck mass or thyroid growth they can see and feel,” says Dr. Brad Mons, […]

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August 10, 2015

Cancer Type Q&A: Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

What is chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)? Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), also known as chronic myelogenous leukemia, is a type of blood cancer that starts in the bone marrow.  This usually occurs during or after middle age, and rarely occurs in children.  In CML, malignant blood stem cells form an abnormal gene called BCR-ABL, or the […]

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May 15, 2015

Cancer Type Q&A: Esophageal Cancer

Are there common signs and symptoms of esophageal cancer? Cancers of the esophagus are usually found because of the symptoms they cause. Unfortunately, most esophageal cancers do not cause symptoms until they have reached an advanced stage, when they are harder to treat. Symptoms can include chest pain, difficulty swallowing, food sticking in throat, unintentional […]

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February 15, 2015

Cancer Type Q&A: Melanoma

Are there common signs and symptoms of melanoma? The most common signs and symptoms of melanoma are noticeable changes to your skin—whether a change in an existing mole, the emergence of a new mole or other change that could indicate skin cancer. To be sure you are aware of all changes, examine your skin regularly […]

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January 2, 2015

Cancer Type Q&A: Head and Neck Cancers

Q. Can you describe the various types of head and neck cancers? A. There are several anatomic groups that make up head and neck cancers, each with its own natural history and treatment approach. Head and neck cancers include skin of the face, lips, oral cavity (oral tongue and floor of mouth), oropharynx (soft palate, […]

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